What’s a Pow Wow, First Time Tips & Why White People Should Go

What’s a Pow Wow, First Time Tips & Why White People Should Go :: I've Been Bit! A Travel Blog
Pow Wows are incredible events celebrating the Indigenous Cultures of Turtle Island (North America). If you're wondering what a Pow Wow is, click to find out. Includes first time tips & more! | #Canada #Ontario #Travel #Indigenous #IndigenousTourism #FirstNations #TurtleIsland | IveBeenBit.ca

Before I dive in I want to clarify something: I am a settler and my family comes from a long line of settlers.

I’m complexionally-challenged, pale, white, however you want to say it. I’ve never done an ancestry test, but I’ve been told I’m mainly British, Irish and Scottish with a tiny bit of German. My heritage is one of suppression, but I’m here to try and learn about Indigenous Cultures. I believe they’re very powerful, beautiful and need to be celebrated. I’m coming from a place of learning. This is only the beginning of my educational journey so if I’m mistaken, screw up or am misinformed, please tell me. If you want to learn more about Indigenous Cultures – great! Keep reading.

This article is meant to educate from the eyes of someone learning alongside you. If you want to know more about why I’ve started on this journey, check out my about page. I should also note that this is coming from a Canadian point of view as I am based in Southern Ontario and as I am currently living in Niagara, I acknowledge that I live on the traditional territory of‎ the Anishnaabe, Attiwonderonk (Neutral), Haudenosaunee and Mississauga Peoples. This land was originally inhabited (and still is) by these First Nations Peoples and is a part of Ontario Treaty 3, The Between-the-Lakes Treaty, which was signed in 1792.

Now without further ado, let’s get to what’s a Pow Wow, some information on these gatherings, tips for the first time you attend a Pow Wow and the most poignant part of this post – why white people should go.

What's a Pow Wow? An Incredible Event Celebrating Indigenous Cultures :: I've Been Bit! A Travel Blog

What’s a Pow Wow?

A Pow Wow is a gathering organized by Indigenous Peoples to celebrate their cultures. They are sometimes a single day, occur over a weekend or can even be a week-long depending if it’s in honour of a special occasion. It’s a time when First Nations Peoples come together to dance, sing, feast, visit with old friends and make new ones.

There are a number of stories about how Pow Wows began, however it’s certain that they evolved as reserves were forced upon the Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island (North America) in the 1830s. It was a way to fight colonization by maintaining a connection to important Indigenous traditions. The Canadian and American governments didn’t make it easy as they outlawed a number of traditional Indigenous ceremonies which included Pow Wows. Canada’s Indian Act of 1876 restricted Indigenous Peoples rights to perform cultural ceremonies in all aspects. Despite amendments to the act years later, it wasn’t until 1951 that the bill was finally changed so all of the First Nations Peoples living in Canada could celebrate their culture. Up until this point, Pow Wows and other spiritual ceremonies were held in secret. To read more about the history of Pow Wows, click here.

There are several different kinds of Pow Wows and each one will have its own unique characteristics and traditions that relate to the area. Be sure to take note of this when attending Pow Wows in different areas across Turtle Island. However the most common types are traditional Pow Wows and competition Pow Wows. The main difference between them is that competition Pow Wows are exactly as they sound, competitive, with significant prizes for those dancing. Traditional Pow Wows focus more on participation and everyone being able to experience the Pow Wow.

Each Pow Wow will have a schedule which often includes a sunrise ceremony, Grand Entry, dance competitions and closing ceremonies. You’ll also find local artisans selling art, beads, handmade products, supplies, and more along with food vendors where you can enjoy a variety of Indigenous cuisine. It’s important to note that some Pow Wows charge admission which goes towards running the event.

Dancing is a large part of Pow Wows as it’s a form of healing. If you ask someone why they’re dancing, it could be for a number of reasons. Whatever the reason is, the passion shines through with the intensity of their actions as they follow the drumbeat – communicating the heartbeat of Mother Nature. You’ll feel the power resonate through you as the Host Drum group channels their strength and emotion.

There are different types of dances such as traditional, fancy, grass, jingle and more. The outfits worn by dancers reflect this and are known as regalia. It’s a reflection of the person wearing it – their culture, their origins, their beliefs and their experiences. Regalia is handmade and self-designed, becoming an extension of the dancer’s soul. Knowing this, it’s understandable why imitations created by costume makers for Halloween are insulting and why many festivals are banning headdresses for their cultural insensitivity. Regalia and the accessories that are a part of it are incredibly sacred and should be respected, which is why they should never be referred to as a costume.

Pow Wows are an incredible gathering of both Indigenous and Non-Indigenous People. It’s not uncommon for attendees to travel great distances to attend a Pow Wow. I’m the perfect example as I drove 9 hours to attend my first one. In partnership with Tourism Sault Ste Marie and Attractions Ontario, I attended the Batchewana First Nation’s Annual Traditional Pow Wow where I was not only welcomed with open arms but encouraged to participate.

Did I know what I was doing? Hardly. I’m sure I offered some great entertainment for many of the attendees. Despite this, I learned so much not just about Ojibway Culture but also about myself, my relationship to the world, and more. As long as you’re present and you listen intently, you’ll be surprised at how welcomed you are and how much knowledge you absorb. Chi Miigwetch (thank you very much) to Chief Sayers and all of the Batchewana First Nation’s members and Pow Wow attendees who embraced my presence and allowed me to learn so much over the weekend I spent in Bawahting (Sault Ste Marie). If you’re looking for somewhere to experience your first Pow Wow, I can’t think of a better place. I even wrote an article about why you should attend one in Sault Ste Marie.

Learning from the Batchewana First Nation's Chief Sayers :: I've Been Bit! A Travel Blog

Tips For The First Time You Attend a Pow Wow

Whether it’s trying something new, stepping outside your comfort zone or attending an event you’ve never been to before, doing something for the first time can be nervewracking. Trust me, I was nervous attending my first Pow Wow but I’m here to tell you not to be. As long as you are respectful, polite and supportive, you’ll have a wonderful time. If you’re not going to be these things then don’t go. It’s as simple as that. Here are a few tips based on my experiences so you can enjoy your time to the fullest!

Don’t Think You Can’t Participate

I can’t stress enough that Pow Wows are open to everyone. By attending you’re showing support for these incredible cultures. Do you want to join in a dance? You sure can! Just listen to the emcee and when they announce an intertribal song, that means you can join in. Don’t want to dance? That’s okay too. There are plenty of vendors at Pow Wows where you can support local artisans and businesses by purchasing handmade goods, food, art and more.

Attend with an Open Mind and Heart

Whether you’re religious or not, spiritually inclined or a non-believer, I still suggest attending but do so with an open mind and heart. Remember that not everyone thinks the same and that’s okay. Whether you believe or not, I guarantee you’ll leave the Pow Wow learning something new about yourself, Indigenous Cultures and the world as long as you allow yourself to experience everything with no preconceptions. Remember, you are a guest so be on your best behaviour.

Don’t Be Afraid to Ask Questions

Have a question about something you saw during the Pow Wow, about the traditions you’re witnessing or just about Indigenous Culture in general? Ask! The majority of attendees are happy to share their knowledge if you’re willing to listen. However, know that they do not owe you an answer, so if they don’t have the emotional capacity or choose not to, accept that and carry on. There are a number of resources online that can probably help.

Listen to the Emcee

Throughout the Pow Wow, the emcee will commentate and give insight into what’s happening. They have an important role as a guide for both the dancers and spectators while keeping the day’s program moving along. You can learn a lot from the emcee as they talk about the dances being performed, origins of the songs, and more. There might even be the odd joke thrown in, too!

Don’t Take Photos Without Asking Permission First

The Pow Wow grounds are sacred and at certain times like Grand Entry and the Closing Ceremonies, photos are not permitted. At these times you’re meant to observe with your eyes only, to be truly present in the moment so that these memories stay with you. These times will also be signified by a whistle or fanning of the drums. If you’re still unsure, look around you. If you don’t see anyone with their cell phones or cameras out, chances are you shouldn’t have yours out either.

As for the dancers, their regalia is a part of who they are. Mentioned earlier, it relates directly to their identity and because of this, some dancers may wish to not be photographed. While further out, more general shots are often accepted at times other than those mentioned above, be sure to ask any dancers ahead of time before specifically taking their photo.

Follow Your Heart

If at any time during the Pow Wow you start second-guessing yourself, there’s probably a reason for it. A good rule of thumb is if you feel like something’s not okay chances are it isn’t. Trust your intuition and if you’re still unsure, ask. Otherwise, let your heart guide you throughout the event.

Beautiful Handmade Items at the Batchewana First Nation Pow Wow :: I've Been Bit! A Travel Blog

Why White People Should Go

I’m about to get incredibly honest here. The following section may be a bit blunt and have some profanity thrown in, but I encourage you to read on. I want to re-iterate again. I’m new to Indigenous Cultures and experiencing them. I’ll make mistakes, but I want to learn and will learn from them.

When I write this, I don’t mean that only white people should go. Everyone should attend a Pow Wow, but I mean that white people specifically really should attend. Why? These Indigenous Cultures have been suppressed by many of our ancestors. We owe it to the Indigenous Peoples of what is now Canada to attend their Pow Wows and learn about their practices.

Since Pow Wows are meant for everyone, this is a non-intrusive way to begin experiencing and learning. These traditions date back thousands of years, long before European settlers came to Turtle Island (North America). While the First Nations Peoples had their disagreements, they still lived peacefully for a long time. If it wasn’t for the backhanded tactics and ‘interpretations’ of treaties and agreements by the Europeans, the Indigenous Peoples of what is now Canada would be better understood. A prime example is how we learn about the Fur Trade in school. It’s made out to be full of handshakes and that the Indigenous Peoples were voluntary participants. It’s very much the opposite. The turmoil between the British and the French in Europe came to their lands and disrupted their way of life, causing so many casualties for the Indigenous Peoples. With the Dominion of Canada’s formation, Indigenous rights were desecrated and are still being disrespected by the Indian Act to this day. This is barely scratching the surface but it conveys my point. While we can’t change the past, we should be ashamed of it and looking for ways to rectify those wrongs.

I’ve seen comments online from ignorant people and heard stories direct from members of the First Nations community that made my blood boil. Previously I’ve read a comment online that they didn’t want to attend a Pow Wow because “that sh!t’s voodoo” and other garbage. One of the stories I heard? People were commenting while an Indigenous Person was performing a ceremony, presenting an offering along the shores of a lake to the spirits near and far. Some ignorant prick decided to comment “I thought your kind didn’t litter.” I hope in reading that you’ll see how many things are wrong with it. One of the biggest things here is if you have nothing nice to say, don’t say anything at all. Apparently, these people’s mothers didn’t teach them that. Shame on them.

Just because someone’s beliefs don’t align with yours doesn’t give you the right to pass judgement. I bet that voodoo idiot has never been to a Pow Wow or in the presence of Indigenous Culture. What could that ignorant individual have said instead of his awful comment? He could have asked about the practice in an attempt to learn. We are taught to be open to trying new things and learning new skills, what makes learning about someone else’s culture any different? It may not be taught in a classroom (even though it should be, but that’s a whole other topic), but this journey on Earth is about lifelong learning. You won’t learn anything by sticking your head in the sand or knocking something before you try it.

Everyone is Encouraged to Participate in a Pow Wow :: I've Been Bit! A Travel Blog

If you’re not exposed to Indigenous Cultures, you may be hesitant to learn. You may think it’s weird or different, but I’m sure you think that way of other cultures and religions too. Just because it’s different, doesn’t mean it’s bad or wrong. Your way of thinking isn’t necessarily the right one. I want to reiterate – we are not entitled to attend Pow Wows. We are guests and it is a privilege to be in the presence of these traditions.

I’m not asking you to come out of a Pow Wow as a full believer, but I’m asking you to take the time to listen. By doing so with an open mind and heart, you’ll be surprised by just how much you learn. If everyone just took a little bit of time to do this, we could change the future. I mean, it’s been proven that learning a new language means learning new ways of thinking and behaving – how is learning about a new culture any different? Plus who says you won’t pick up a new word or two of an Indigenous language by listening to those around you? Not only this, but you’re supporting a culture that is continuously being suppressed. This support will allow members of the Indigenous Community to harness their strength and feel free to be who they are.

Let’s face it, the relationship between what is now Canada and the Indigenous Peoples of Turtle Island is broken. It’s not up to the First Nations of Canada to prove their worth, it’s up to us white folk to prove we’ve learned from our past mistakes. Indigenous researchers have written about the importance of Indigenous education philosophies, but it’s difficult to do so in the constructs of colonial post-secondary institutions. Our institutions are fundamentally run in a different way, and Indigenous learning philosophies are based on applying teachings to real-world situations while promoting lifelong learning. That’s why we need to take it upon ourselves to learn outside of the constructs of our institutions and dive headfirst into these situations. Otherwise, no change will ever happen.

If you’ve made it down to here – thank you. I appreciate the time you’ve taken to read this. By now you may think I sound naive, but I’m being sincere. I’m doing my best to use words to describe the energy, passion and importance of Indigenous Cultures, Pow Wows and more, but if you don’t believe me – attend one. As soon as you go, you’ll understand. You’ll want to learn more, and that’s the point of this article. If I convince just one person to be more accepting of Indigenous Cultures and then they can do the same for another person and that person gets someone else to listen… it snowballs. Humans are afraid of what we don’t know, so let’s take the steps to know it. People say Canada has no culture, that we’re a mishmash of everything. Hell, I’ve said it before – and I was wrong. What is now Canada has an incredible culture, it’s just been suppressed by colonialism and needs to be empowered again.

Ladies of All Ages Dancing at the Pow Wow :: I've Been Bit! A Travel Blog

Looking to Attend a Pow Wow?

While Pow Wow season is mainly in the summer months, these events happen throughout the year across Canada and the United States. If you’re looking for a Pow Wow calendar, PowWows.com is a great resource. While it focuses mainly on the USA, it does include some Canadian Pow Wows as well!

If you’ve never attended a Pow Wow because you’ve been too nervous or felt like you weren’t allowed, I hope this article has changed your mind. Again, I can’t stress enough how Pow Wows are open to everyone and settler descendants need to take the time to learn about Indigenous Cultures. Looking to get involved in other ways? Here’s a great article on steps you can take to learn more about and support Indigenous Cultures. Reconciliation begins with understanding and it is up to us to take the opportunities given so we can work towards it.

SOMETHING TO NOTE: I was recently asked why I singled out white people as this could be seen as alientating to others. I’m in no means saying everyone but white folks shouldn’t go. I’m saying that white people specifically should go as our history has been incredibly hostile and destructive towards the Indigenous for far too long – and even until this very day. It’s up to us white people to take a step in the right direction and educate ourselves about First Nations, Inuit and Métis culture. A Pow Wow is just one way to do that and it’s an easy, non-intrusive way to do so. I think every single person who lives and visits North America should attend numerous Pow Wows across the continent.

Want to keep this article handy? Pin it for later.


  1. Amanda Carnagie

    September 21, 2018

    Lindsay, this is a very thoughtful and informative post. I think it’s so important for people like us to learn about and celebrate indigenous cultures. It’s something I personally want to learn more about too, and what a wonderful way to do it by participating in a Pow Wow.
    Sounds like you had an impactful experience. This is why travel is so important. Experiences like this grow us.

    Hopefully one day I can participate in a Pow Wow and learn and share and celebrate the culture. Thank you for the inspiration.

    • Lindz author

      September 21, 2018

      Thank you so much Amanda! I’m glad it had an impact on you. I’m sure there are Pow Wows near you and you are always welcome to visit me and we can plan to visit one. I hope you’re able to inspire others to do the same! 🙂

      I’m working on another post that talks about ways we can learn more about Indigenous Cultures so stay tuned!

  2. Maggie

    September 21, 2018

    I love this so much!! I spent a month living on a reservation in Montana as part of a missions trip and got to attend a Pow wow while I was there. Native American culture is so fascinating, and so misunderstood. I really think everyone needs to attend a POW wow at some point in their life.

    • Lindz author

      September 23, 2018

      It truly is and I’m so happy to hear you think the same! If more people attend then these Indigenous Cultures will be appreciated the way they should be. Thank you for your comment! 🙂

  3. Monique

    September 21, 2018

    Thank you so much for writing this. We need to be the change in this world that is so full of bigotry and hate.

    • Lindz author

      September 23, 2018

      Thank YOU for your comment Monique. I’m so happy to hear you agree. The more we experience, learn and educate others, we’ll defeat the bigotry and hate 🙂

  4. Leigh

    September 22, 2018

    I just got home from my first Powwow tonight when I came across your pin in the Mappin Monday group! I recently moved to Arizona and am learning as much as I can about Native history. Our Freedom of Religion Act wasn’t passed until after 1975, so Canadians are about 20 years ahead of us in that respect. :/ Just learned that today, blew my mind.

    • Lindz author

      September 23, 2018

      We may be ahead on paper but both countries have so much more to do. How was your first Pow Wow? I hope you had an amazing time! I know that my first experience blew me away, and I can’t wait to attend more in the future.

  5. Richa

    September 22, 2018

    Wow! This article is as interesting as its name Pow Wow 🙂 It was a great read!!

    • Lindz author

      September 23, 2018

      I just tried to do the experience justice with my article. I hope it inspires you to learn more about Indigenous Cultures!

  6. Josy A

    September 22, 2018

    I am living in Canada at the moment and I would love to attend a pow wow! I’d love to learn more about the language and culture of the first nations people here. Thank you for your thoughtful and honest post.

    I am hoping to attend a traditional saute to the salmon in the next few weeks too. 🙂

    • Lindz author

      September 23, 2018

      I’m happy to hear it Josy! Pow Wow season is almost over but I’d definitely keep an eye out as some happen over the winter months. If not, you might be able to find some other events like the traditional salute to the salmon you speak of! That sounds absolutely incredible. I’d love to hear more about it!

  7. Lauren

    February 15, 2020

    Anytime you can learn about another culture is opportunity not to miss! It’s so important to learn and observe so that we can understand more about how people differ all over the world, and even in our on backyard. Thanks for sharing!

  8. Andi

    February 16, 2020

    Really insightful post, there are so many indigenous people questions I have and don’t know who to ask or how to get the info. I have lived in states with a lot of American Indians, I have had good experiences and bad and I would love to ask my questions someday. Thanks for caring about this topic!

  9. Britt K

    February 13, 2021

    I remember being a teenager the first time that I had the opportunity to attend a Pow Wow and it was a life-changing experience. Why was it so impactful? It was a chance to learn more about the indigenous people in our area including speaking with them openly, asking questions and really listening to learn from all that they had to share. I love the way you’ve approached this post, much like how I also approach life… Don’t be afraid to admit what you don’t know. By being transparent about your lack of knowledge, you’re more likely to find those who are willing to share and help you learn/expand your mind.

    • Lindz author

      February 22, 2021

      You’re so right Britt, and that’s amazing you were able to experience a Pow Wow at such a young age! I wish I had the opportunity when I was younger but alas, better late than never 🙂

  10. Marvin

    February 22, 2021

    I’d be interested in a Native American or First Nations perspective on this article. Thanks for writing it.

    • Lindz author

      February 22, 2021

      Hi Marvin, thank you for your comment! I won’t speak for anyone but I do know that some of the attendees from the Batchewana Pow Wow in 2019 when I published this article have read it and appreciated the message, but haven’t heard specifics. I definitely would love to hear from anyone in the Indigenous community, especially if there’s anything I’ve missed so that I can continue to learn as well! Hopefully that will happen in the future 🙂

      • Kayla Berthelette

        June 18, 2022

        I just posted my input, although I am not from the Batchewana people, I am treaty #3 Metis status, i hope my Indigenous perspective is taken into consideration.

  11. Kayla Berthelette

    June 18, 2022

    1) Perhaps you can include that it is considered respectful to offer a tobacco tie, in exchange for knowledge (when encouraging ppl to ask questions)

    2) it wasn’t until 1951 that the bill was finally changed so all of the First Nations Peoples living in Canada could celebrate their culture- be careful here, potlach’s were banned and many still hid their powwows after this date….

    Otherwise this is SOOOOOO……. AMAZING! you did an amazing job. I am Metis and am working as an ambassador on behalf of my agency as the First Nations, Metis and Inuit Liaison and was looking for something to share with my White co-workers so they would be more open to attending a pow wow and this has done the trick. Beautifully written. You are a true ally. Thank you for sharing

    • Lindz author

      June 18, 2022

      Kayla, thank you so much. I truly appreciate you taking the time and energy to share your words. I’m currently on the road but I will definitely update the article with your recommendations! From the bottom of my heart, I am very grateful for your kindness and am truly touched.

  12. Mike Hyland

    September 18, 2023

    As a young R C.M.P. constable in the mid 1960’s in Southern berta. I had been invited to a couple of powows at Morley Alberta. It was and still is a wonderful moment in my life. I am close to 78 years now and love listenable to the drums of mother natures heart beat. In those days i was scolded by my leaders that it was not right to be FRATERNIZING with the natives. That Hurt. Believe me.

    • Lindz author

      September 18, 2023

      Thanks for sharing your story Mike and I’m so glad to hear you went despite your leaders saying you shouldn’t. We need more open-minded people like you out there, especially those in any form of police force.

  13. John Alexander

    September 22, 2023

    I want to thank you for this background and especially for sharing your own story. Tomorrow I will attend my first Pow Wow at the University of Waterloo as a volunteer, and I’ve been trying to learn as much as I can beforehand. I am a older white male and felt some initial trepidation about offering to volunteer for this, fully recognizing my own ancestor’s shameful part of the history, but I have already been made to feel like an honored guest. That is humbling and very inspiring to me. I have so much more to learn, but I guess each journey starts with one step.

    • Lindz author

      September 23, 2023

      Oh John, this warms my heart so much. Thank you for taking the step to learn! I share in that shame. Our ancestors were unkind people and while we cannot change what they have done, we can be better than them. Indigenous ways are so welcoming and I’m so glad to hear you’re already having great experiences. Have a wonderful time at the Pow Wow today – I’m sure it will be an experience you’ll never forget 🙂

  14. Andy Brent

    December 17, 2023

    The first time I attended a pow wow it was so overwhelming! The power and pride these people who have been so mistreated for so long. They never gave up and did everything they could to hold on to there traditions, culture, and beliefs. I cried pretty much the entire time. Too see so much pride was just amazing! We should all go because they worked so hard to keep these things together so the future generations will know where they came from and how they lived. Apologies are only words, we need to care for these people and the traditions, culture, spirituality and help them grow! This I think is more important than any word could do.

    • Lindz author

      December 21, 2023

      Hi Andy! I’m so happy to hear you had such a powerful, incredible experience. I too get overwhelmed by just how impactful these events are! You said it perfectly – apologies are only words and attending events like Pow Wows is such a great way to support these cultures and traditions 🙂

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